Saturday, 13 July 2013

Autism in Children

 Childhood Autism

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autism in children with ASD may appear to develop normally and then become indifferent to social engagements.  

Watch the video below about autism in children by Charlene Long:

Self- Control in People with Autism

Self-control and self-awareness may be the most important tools for living successfully with both ASD and anxiety disorders. Any Autism Spectrum Disorder implies the ultimate in rational thinking while a part of anxiety disorder causes to become distressed over irrational thoughts.

Self-discipline is a skill that most autistic children have trouble acquiring. This includes not only inappropriate outbursts, but also habits that can be potentially dangerous, such as being aggressive towards others or causing harm to themselves (eg: banging their heads off walls).

By teaching self-management during specific times of a day, improvements can be made in his or her behavior. Continue practicing self-control during all times of the day, even if the child is at school or at therapy. Self-discipline is a skill that most autistic children have trouble acquiring. When a child is in control, he or she may think more closely about behavior in the past and present. The key is to implement a program in which he or she monitors his or her own behavior and activities. Begin with short amounts of time and continue to monitor the child. When a child is successful at self-monitoring, he or she will have a more positive attitude towards the experience.

An important part of self-management is a rewards system; have the child come up with his or her own reward, depending on interest. Reinforcement will make these good behavior goals more clearly marked in the child’s mind. By choosing and rewarding him or her, the child will feel completely in control of the self-management system. Choose simple rewards to start such as welcome with a smiley face for every goal met and show sad face for every goal not met, and present him or her with a new toy when a certain amount of smiley faces has been attained.

These types of programs do not develop overnight, so it is important that you and the child should have enough time to devote to attain a self-management experience. By welcoming good behavior with rewards, he or she will be more likely to participate in the programs. Autism in children can be tackled only by systematic and regular result-oriented training programs.

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